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Author Topic: B737 Desktop sim project  (Read 782 times)

Offline archen

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B737 Desktop sim project
« on: October 10, 2018, 06:29:48 PM »
Hello All,

For many years now my full scale sim have been standing in a pile of boxes waiting for space enough to be built.

I've realized this is not gonna happen in the near future. I'm even thinking about selling the stuff. However, I'm now tired of waiting and decided to build a desktop sim of the 737 so I can be in this hobby which I love and also have something flyable until I have the space for the full scale.

Here's my criterias:

1. Inexpensive. All full scale Sims gets really expensive and this one cannot be expensive, it should be a shorter project where funds must not be holding me back from getting further.

2. Easily removed from desk and easy to reinstall when it's time to go flying. Maximum 10 minutes of work to get everything setup.

3. Not take to much space. It shall easily be stored in the office (2.5x2m) without taking over the room. It shall still be an office too.

4. No need to use keyboard of mice between engine start and shutdown (during normal ops)

5. Cheap software. Software can be very expensive. I don't now how many dollars I've put into p3d Addons. Im not going for a complete suite to save money. 


To meet these criterias I plan like this:
 
1. I'll use as much hardware I already have for my full scale. I'll make everything I can myself. Use my 3d printer as much as possible even if it means it looks a bit more ugly than purchasing expensive hardware.

2. I've not completely decided if I should go for a small stand that can be attached to the desk or if I should go with a box that you put on the desk. However the important thing is that it's easy to move and put a side.

3. Nothing will be scale. PFD and ND will be approx 90% scale because they are important. All panels is designed by me with inspiration from 737 but they are simplified and switches I don't need between engine start and shutdown are removed.

4. With the official Normal checklist as reference and my experience from my MCC course in 737 I've designed a "MIP" including both MIP and OVHD switches and panels used during normal work flow from eng start to shutdown. Let me know if you think I've missed one. Remember I don't take non normal procedures into account.

5. X-plane! I'm not gonna purchase prosim, I'm gonna use Zibo 737 and Arduino or teensy for interface to keep the costs down and actually I love the Zibo 737 and x-plane.

I'll focus on the MIP now and later on I'll build a mini pedestal attached to my TQ consistent of 1 nav radio and 1 com radio. These shall have multi functions and act as NAV1/2, ADF etc. Also transponder will be added.

All panels will not be backlit due to cost and time. Instead I'll have a 12v led strip under the glare to light up the panels.

Panels will be white 5mm acrylic painted in RAL7011 with a spraycan and then engraved using my cnc.

Base will be in MDF. Backplate in 4mm clear acrylic painted in RAL7011.

I'll only use one monitor, a 21.5" lcd. It Will display PFD/ND, clock and an custom made upper DU for engine monitoring.

I'll use virtual 3d cockpit so I've also added some buttons to control the views. 4 buttons are still unassigned. Please come with ideas. One of them will be assigned to start pushback via plugin better pushback.

--------

By the way. All blue text is sketches to be engraved. Looks like a mess in the pictures but will be great on the panel.

+----------+

Please let me know what you think and if you have any advices for me. Remember, I don't strive to make it as real as possible. I'm trying to make a inexpensive but flyable Sim with minimal use of keyboard and mice.

I'll add some pictures of what I've came up with until now.
------------
Anders Simparts
http://www.anderssimparts.com
https://www.facebook.com/ArchenSimparts
Selling "Hard-to-get" simparts like authentic Engine starters, Autobrake, IRS mode selectors and N1&SPD Ref Switches.
------------

Offline archen

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B737 Desktop sim project
« Reply #1 on: October 10, 2018, 06:35:59 PM »
Manufactured the gear lever today. It's not scale at all. It's much smaller than the real one. It would take to much space.

Knob is printed in Z-Glass
Attachment between shaft and gear knob is printed in Z-Ultrat.

The rest is machines in CNC Mill and lathe.

Video:
https://youtu.be/gf41_9V14GM







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« Last Edit: October 10, 2018, 06:42:52 PM by archen »
------------
Anders Simparts
http://www.anderssimparts.com
https://www.facebook.com/ArchenSimparts
Selling "Hard-to-get" simparts like authentic Engine starters, Autobrake, IRS mode selectors and N1&SPD Ref Switches.
------------

Offline archen

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B737 Desktop sim project
« Reply #2 on: October 10, 2018, 06:47:15 PM »
An printed annunciatorholder with FDS legend. I'll make my own legends , this was just a try with my printed annunciator and diffuser cut from 5mm frosted acrylic.

Looks great if you ask me.

I use some wide angle 5mm flat top clear lens  LEDs I found in my box.

Skickat från min SM-G955F via Tapatalk
« Last Edit: October 10, 2018, 06:48:54 PM by archen »
------------
Anders Simparts
http://www.anderssimparts.com
https://www.facebook.com/ArchenSimparts
Selling "Hard-to-get" simparts like authentic Engine starters, Autobrake, IRS mode selectors and N1&SPD Ref Switches.
------------

Offline kurt-olsson

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Re: B737 Desktop sim project
« Reply #3 on: October 11, 2018, 06:33:13 AM »
Wow, really nice Anders!

Will follow this build like if it was my own! =) Hahah

Really cool project! That Korry is looking really good, better than reproduction part i have seen yet.


Offline archen

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B737 Desktop sim project
« Reply #4 on: October 12, 2018, 12:31:49 PM »
Thank you :)


Today I received a teensy LC card and 10pcs of 8-bit shift registers, 74HC595.

The purpose is mainly to evaluate teensy as I/O for this sim. Haven't decided yet if I wanna go with teensy or Arduino mega and Simvim.

First thing I'll do is to play with the shift registers so see how I can work with multiplexing outputs.

Step 2 will be multiplexing inputs. This works flawless in SimVim.

SimVim has its limitations though.

Tests will follow :-)



Skickat från min SM-G955F via Tapatalk

------------
Anders Simparts
http://www.anderssimparts.com
https://www.facebook.com/ArchenSimparts
Selling "Hard-to-get" simparts like authentic Engine starters, Autobrake, IRS mode selectors and N1&SPD Ref Switches.
------------

Offline Joe Lavery

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Re: B737 Desktop sim project
« Reply #5 on: October 12, 2018, 02:03:24 PM »
Just looking at your Gear lever Anders, did you print those side panels? they look too polished to be printed?
What Printer do you have?

Nice job in any case... ;) 8)

Joe.
'Life isn't about waiting for the storm to pass, it's about learning to dance in the rain!'

www.pcpilot.net


Offline archen

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B737 Desktop sim project
« Reply #6 on: October 12, 2018, 05:44:00 PM »
Hey Joe,
It's only the gear knob and the part joining the shaft and gear knob that's printed. The remaining parts is machined out of POM. Very nice material to work with.

I use an Zortrax M200 printer.


//Anders

Skickat från min SM-G955F via Tapatalk
« Last Edit: October 12, 2018, 05:44:46 PM by archen »
------------
Anders Simparts
http://www.anderssimparts.com
https://www.facebook.com/ArchenSimparts
Selling "Hard-to-get" simparts like authentic Engine starters, Autobrake, IRS mode selectors and N1&SPD Ref Switches.
------------

Offline Joe Lavery

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Re: B737 Desktop sim project
« Reply #7 on: October 12, 2018, 07:12:39 PM »
That's an expensive printer you've got there, I assume the resolution is pretty high?

I'm not familiar with POM, it looks a bit like the Acetal I use for machining.

Joe.
'Life isn't about waiting for the storm to pass, it's about learning to dance in the rain!'

www.pcpilot.net


Offline archen

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B737 Desktop sim project
« Reply #8 on: October 13, 2018, 02:19:21 AM »
It's the same as acetal.

Yes I'm happy with the printer but this is my first printer so I can't compare. Looking at pictures I believe it performs very well.

Br.
Anders

Skickat från min SM-G955F via Tapatalk

------------
Anders Simparts
http://www.anderssimparts.com
https://www.facebook.com/ArchenSimparts
Selling "Hard-to-get" simparts like authentic Engine starters, Autobrake, IRS mode selectors and N1&SPD Ref Switches.
------------

Offline Joe Lavery

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Re: B737 Desktop sim project
« Reply #9 on: October 13, 2018, 04:30:21 AM »
I would imagine it's a better printer considering that it cost ten times what I paid for mine  ;)

Joe
'Life isn't about waiting for the storm to pass, it's about learning to dance in the rain!'

www.pcpilot.net


Offline archen

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B737 Desktop sim project
« Reply #10 on: October 14, 2018, 03:04:07 AM »
Actually I think yours prints very well Joe. I've seen pictures of much cheaper prints to be both terrible and awesome.

I think it also depends a lot on the user and model. It's the same with my printer, some models look stunning, some looks crappy.

I guess some models are more printer friendly. In my case smaller parts like 1x2cm start too look worse but if you print like 4 of them it looks better. I think it has to do with the temperature of the layers when applying next layer. Maybe a pause between layers would do it for smaller parts.



Skickat från min SM-G955F via Tapatalk

------------
Anders Simparts
http://www.anderssimparts.com
https://www.facebook.com/ArchenSimparts
Selling "Hard-to-get" simparts like authentic Engine starters, Autobrake, IRS mode selectors and N1&SPD Ref Switches.
------------

Offline archen

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B737 Desktop sim project
« Reply #11 on: October 14, 2018, 03:11:42 AM »
Anyone with knowledge about teensy LC or similar that can tell me if I would be able to power 8 annunciators from USB with teensy LC?

My initial thought was to use a teensy 3.6 for the whole cockpit with multiplexing outputs and inputs and then put an Ethernet Jack on all panels and wire them to a big pcb with the teensy 3.6.

I believe that schematic will be quite complicated and also the Arduino code will be a real mess so my second thought is to use one teensy LC for each panel as kurt-olsson is doing in his build.

What makes me nervous about that is it I'll be 10-12 USB devices instead of 1. I don't have good experience in using so many USB devices but maybe teensy is different?

Also, if I were to use one teensy for each panel I really would like to run it on USB power so I don't have to run both USB and power to the panels.

Somewhere I read USB can usually power 500mA and my calculations is that 8 annunciators at 2 LEDs each @ 20mA turns out to be 320mA. If that's the case it would work I guess but is there something I'm missing? Can the teensy handle 500mA? Can the multiplexer handle 500mA? It's the 74HC595.

Thanks for your inputs.

Anders

Skickat från min SM-G955F via Tapatalk

------------
Anders Simparts
http://www.anderssimparts.com
https://www.facebook.com/ArchenSimparts
Selling "Hard-to-get" simparts like authentic Engine starters, Autobrake, IRS mode selectors and N1&SPD Ref Switches.
------------

Offline paulnd

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Re: B737 Desktop sim project
« Reply #12 on: October 14, 2018, 03:59:38 AM »
Anyone with knowledge about teensy LC or similar that can tell me if I would be able to power 8 annunciators from USB with teensy LC?

My initial thought was to use a teensy 3.6 for the whole cockpit with multiplexing outputs and inputs and then put an Ethernet Jack on all panels and wire them to a big pcb with the teensy 3.6.

I believe that schematic will be quite complicated and also the Arduino code will be a real mess so my second thought is to use one teensy LC for each panel as kurt-olsson is doing in his build.

What makes me nervous about that is it I'll be 10-12 USB devices instead of 1. I don't have good experience in using so many USB devices but maybe teensy is different?

Also, if I were to use one teensy for each panel I really would like to run it on USB power so I don't have to run both USB and power to the panels.

Somewhere I read USB can usually power 500mA and my calculations is that 8 annunciators at 2 LEDs each @ 20mA turns out to be 320mA. If that's the case it would work I guess but is there something I'm missing? Can the teensy handle 500mA? Can the multiplexer handle 500mA? It's the 74HC595.

Thanks for your inputs.

Anders

Skickat från min SM-G955F via Tapatalk
Hello,

From Teensy LC specifications :

Quote
Teensy LC has 4 digital pins capable of higher 20 mA current. If loads requiring more current need to be driven, they should be connected to these 4 pins.

The special 5V buffer chip, which provides a copy of the signal at pin 17 amplified to 5V, is rated for 8 mA output.

The other 23 digital pins are rated for 5 mA current.


I've only used Arduinos and never Teensy's and Arduinos also have a total max current which cannot be exceeded although the max current per pin is still in limits. (Arduinos are much cheaper and I've never had a problem with Chinese clones, allowing the "magic smoke" to escape as I have done on a few occasions is therefore less of an issue).

A Teensy per panel sounds easier and creates a modular system but when adding all the other USB devices for other panels, switches, yoke, rudder, keyboard, mouse etc you may soon be reaching Windows limits. There is a discussion elsewhere about the maximum number of USB devices and Windows seems to start giving errors long before it reaches the theoretical maximum.

An option could be to use a few Teensy's as "hubs" which are connected to the PC and communicate with the other Teensy's through I2C or similar but that still doesn't solve the max current issue.

Regards

Paul

Sent from my Nexus 7 using Tapatalk
« Last Edit: October 14, 2018, 04:07:05 AM by paulnd »

Offline archen

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B737 Desktop sim project
« Reply #13 on: October 14, 2018, 02:42:41 PM »
Hey Paul,

Thank you very much for your feedback.

I've decided to go with one teensy per panel and use ULN2803A to control the LEDs. I think that's easiest way after all. Just crossing my fingers that USB will work. Searching the internet it looks to be fine using lots of teensy boards. I'll take a look at the serial suggestions. Didn't know that was possible many thanks :)

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------------
Anders Simparts
http://www.anderssimparts.com
https://www.facebook.com/ArchenSimparts
Selling "Hard-to-get" simparts like authentic Engine starters, Autobrake, IRS mode selectors and N1&SPD Ref Switches.
------------

Offline archen

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B737 Desktop sim project
« Reply #14 on: October 16, 2018, 06:02:47 PM »
Last few days I've been working with a PCB to house a teensy LC and 2 ULN2803A.

This is my first ever pcb. Never ever made a PCB before so all kind of good to knows are welcome before ordering them.

What shall I think of? Most common error?

What's not included in the picture is the teensy itself and the ULN chip will be mounted in a holder and not soldered directly onto the board.

Anders

Skickat från min SM-G955F via Tapatalk

------------
Anders Simparts
http://www.anderssimparts.com
https://www.facebook.com/ArchenSimparts
Selling "Hard-to-get" simparts like authentic Engine starters, Autobrake, IRS mode selectors and N1&SPD Ref Switches.
------------

Offline KyleH

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Re: B737 Desktop sim project
« Reply #15 on: October 16, 2018, 08:54:44 PM »
Hard to give an opinion without seeing the PCB files, but some stuff to look out for:
- Make sure you have enough isolated clearance around your mounting holes for screw heads and standoff sizes. Also make sure these holes are non-plated through (NPT)
- With digital circuits, general rule to keep noise down is to have a ground plane on one side of the board and to try and keep as many traces as possible on the other side.
- if there is a location that could just maybe, possibly need a capacitor or resistor, design it in. You can always leave the part off, or put in a 0 Ohm resistor, or solder a short across the pads.
- Also with the above...don't forget locations for bypass capacitors.
-Try to envision how you're going to wire to the connectors and how they will lead away from the board. Sometimes I'll add a pair of holes for a tie-wrap.
-2-peice connectors can be expensive, but sometimes the frustration they save can be worth it

Offline archen

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B737 Desktop sim project
« Reply #16 on: October 17, 2018, 10:29:44 AM »
Hello Kyle,

Thank you for your input. I've made a ground plane on the bottom layer.

I've made a power plane for ,+24v and one for +5v on the upper layer. Is that a good approach or should I do traces from power connection ? They must withstand 2.5A so they get quite thick, that's why I did the zones instead. What do you think about that ?

Br.
Anders

Skickat från min SM-G955F via Tapatalk

------------
Anders Simparts
http://www.anderssimparts.com
https://www.facebook.com/ArchenSimparts
Selling "Hard-to-get" simparts like authentic Engine starters, Autobrake, IRS mode selectors and N1&SPD Ref Switches.
------------

Offline archen

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B737 Desktop sim project
« Reply #17 on: October 17, 2018, 06:44:45 PM »
Still working on the PCB. Probably ready to be manufactured within a couple of days.

I and kurt-olsson use the same approach with teensyn, (I was inspired), so we have worked together on this PCB. Great fun to learn new stuff.

Tonight I also worked on an Excel tool that generates Arduino code for the teensy flightsim plugin.

You tell the macro which switchpositions, datarefs and pinnumber (pin number can me automatically assigned, it takes the pins in the same order as they are on our PCB.)

One-click and you have the complete code for the whole panel within a second. Took me 2hrs building it but will save lots of time for me.

The code generated is more or less a copy of kurt-olsson's code he have posted here in to forum.


Br.
Anders

Skickat från min SM-G955F via Tapatalk

------------
Anders Simparts
http://www.anderssimparts.com
https://www.facebook.com/ArchenSimparts
Selling "Hard-to-get" simparts like authentic Engine starters, Autobrake, IRS mode selectors and N1&SPD Ref Switches.
------------

Offline KyleH

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Re: B737 Desktop sim project
« Reply #18 on: October 17, 2018, 09:23:40 PM »
Hello Kyle,

Thank you for your input. I've made a ground plane on the bottom layer.

I've made a power plane for ,+24v and one for +5v on the upper layer. Is that a good approach or should I do traces from power connection ? They must withstand 2.5A so they get quite thick, that's why I did the zones instead. What do you think about that ?

Br.
Anders

Skickat från min SM-G955F via Tapatalk

Hi Anders,

I think you should be ok with either a power plane or traces in this application. There are trace size calculators online for determining the size of a trace for a given current.
One other thing, any higher current switching traces, like those from a PWM on the 2803 out to a light bulb, will be where noise comes from. Keep those as short as you can to help prevent it from interfering.

 

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